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By Serge Kreutz


Level 3 (Provinces) :Kalimantan Barat Kalimantan Timur Kalimantan Tengah Kalimantan Selatan Aceh Sumatera Utara Sumatera Barat Sumatera Selatan Riau Jambi Bengkulu Lampung Jawa Barat Jawa Tengah Jawa Timur Bali Nusa Tenggara Barat Nusa Tenggara Timur Sulawesi Utara Sulawesi Tengah Sulawesi Tenggara Sulawesi Selatan Maluku Papua


Tongkat ali's active ingredients have not been identified... but it's probably not eurycomanone


By Serge Kreutz


There are hundreds of specific chemicals present in tongkat ali roots. They mostly belong to the following classes of chemicals:

steroids

quassinoids

coumarins

alkanoids

anthraquinone

triterpenes

flavonoids

The most prevalent ingredient of tongkat ali root, of course, is cellulose (fiber).

Of the more complicated chemicals, two are fairly easy two detect:

eurycomanone and eyrycomanol

Both are quassinoids.

Because eurycomanone is typical for tongkat ali and because it can be detected by liquid chromatography, it has been suggested that eurycomanone is used as a marker chemical.

This means that if an unknown substance is run through a liquid chromatograph, and the absorption pattern of eurycomanone shows on the filter paper, then one can assume that the unknown compound is tongkat ali, or contains tongkat ali.

This has nothing to do with an analysis of what causes the testosterone and libido boosting effects if tongkat ali.

A marker is a chemical that IDENTIFIES a substance. This is different from EFFICACY, the effect-causing chemical.

The effects of tongkat ali and tongkat ali extract may be caused by alkaloids or steroids, or any yet unresearched or undiscovered chemical constituents of tongkat ali root. If you have a faible for chemistry, you can see a yet uncompleted list of chemical constituents of tongkat ali roots below.

One thing is sure: any claim of standardization to certain levels of eurycomanone is cheap propaganda, not science.

If you consider buying tongkat ali, don't be so gullible. Buy something with government approval. That gives you at least some protection.

Here, for those chemically inclined, an expanded list of the not-yet mentioned chemical constituents of tongkat ali. Any of them may be responsible for the desired effects. Most likely, several compounds work in unison.

Squalene-type triterpenes:

eurylene

14-deacetyl eurylene longilene peroxide

Further:

n-pentyl â-carboline- 1-propionate

1-hydroxy-9-methoxycanthin-6-one 5-hydroxymethyl-9-methoxycanthin-6-one

19 known ß-caroline alkaloids

3 ß-caroline lkaloids

1-hydroxy-9-methoxycanthin-6-one

1-hydroxy- 9-methoxycanthin-6-one

Two biphenylneoligans:

2-hydroxy-3,2’,6’-trimethoxy-4’-(2,3-epoxy-1-hydroxypropyl)-5-(3-hydroxy-l-propenyl)-biphenyl

2-hydroxy-3,2’-dimethoxy-4’-(2,3-epoxy-1-hydroxypropyl)-5-(3-hydroxy-1-propenyl)biphenyl)

Another 27 quassinoids:

eurycolactone D, E, F

eurycomanone-type C20 and C19

one klaineanone-type C20

six eurycomalactone-type C19 quassinoids

An epoxy group type of eurycomalactone

pasakbumin-C

13a, 21-epoxyeurycomanone eurylactone

eurycomaoside

Furthermore, for comprehensiveness, there are also 83 volatile compounds, including:

3-phenoxy-1-propanol

2-phenoxy-ethanol

4-ethynyl-4-hydroxy-3 5, 5-trimethyl-2-cyclohex-1-enone

benzoic acid

acetic acid

octanoic acid





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